Cecilia S. De La Paz, Ph.D.
Mapee DZ Singson

Main Text Written by:
Cecilia S. De La Paz, Ph.D.
Ramon P. Santos, Ph.D.

Supplementary Text by:
Verne de la Peña, Ph.D.
Celso Espejo
Loen Vitto

Graphic Designer:
Wesley Valenzuela

Music Instruments provided by OC Bandilla

Project Manager:
Riya Brigino

Research Team:
Mapee DZ Singson
Loen Vitto


Photos courtesy of:
Cultural Center of the Philippines Library
Centro Escolar University Library
Lopez Museum and Library
The Manila Times Library and Morgue

Photo Sources:
Daily Mirror (various publications from 1967 to 1970)
Graphic (August 6, 1927)
NEPA Handbook (1938)
Manila Bulletin (August 21, 1998; October 1, 2004)
Manila Chronicle (July 1, 1995; June 20, 1995; July 23, 1995)
Manila Chronicle Entertainment Guide (January 2, 1965; December 18, 1965; March 12, 1966; February 26, 1966)
Manila Times (various publications from 1967 to 1970)
Mobilways, vol II (October 1956)
Philippine Daily Inquirer (February 01, 2004)
Philippine Free Press (April 16, 1955; December 10, 1955)
Renacimiento Filipino (August 28, 1910)
Rizal Review (June 19, 1923)
Taliba (various publications from 1967 to 1970)
The Women’s World (July 1935)
Weekly Women’s Magazine (July 29, 1955)

Bacatan, Jose S.J. Rondalla Handbook. Quezon City: Manlapaz Publishing Co., 1970.
Dadap, Jerry. "A Milestone in Philippine Music," Manila Chronicle, July 23, 1995.
—. "More on the Rondalla." Manila Chronicle, June 20, 1995.
—. "PASAGURO - Savior of the Rondalla." Manila Chronicle, July 17, 1996.
—. "The Philippine Rondalla- Our National Native Orchestra." Manila Chronicle, June 4, 1995.
Dadap, Michael. The Virtuoso Bandurria. 4th. Dumaguete City: UniTown Publishing House, 2007.
de la Peña, Verne. "The Philippine Rondalla." Quezon City, February 2004.
De Leon, Felipe P. "Tungkol pa sarondalya." Sadaigdig ng musika. Taliba, February 23, 1970.
Espejo, Celso. "Rondalla Basics: Organization and Teaching." Las Piñas City, February 2007.
Giliw Ko. Directed by Carlos Vander Tolosa. Produced by Narcisa de Leon. Performed by Fernando Sr Poe and Mila del Sol. 1939.
NAMCYA 5th Anniversary Souvenir Program. Pasay: NAMCYA, November 1997.
Pasamba, Angelita Cariaso. Rondalla Music. Quezon City: Rex Bookstore, 1985.
Patricio, Maria Cristina Llige. "The Development of the Rondalla in the Philippines." Quezon City, March
Rubio, Hilarion, “The Roving Rondalla,” Filipino Heritage: The Making of a Nation. Alfredo Roces, ed. Vol. 9. 10 vols. Quezon City: Lahing Pilipino Publishing, 1978, pp. 2256-2262.
Santos, Ramon, ed. Musika Jornal: Music of Plucked Strings (UP Center for Ethnomusicology) 8 (2012).
Tiongson, Nicanor, ed. CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art. Vol. 6. X vols. Pasay: Cultural Center of the
Philippines, 1994.
Vitto, Loen, “Strings of Unity: Isang Pag-aaral ng International Rondalla Festival (Cuerdas) Bilang
Pamamahala ng SiningsaPilipinas,” Thesis, MA Art History, UP College of Arts and Letters,

Buenaventura, Alfredo, interview by Loen Vitto and Aurea Lopez. Alfredo Buenaventura Interview
(December 5, 2013).
Espejo, Celso, interview by Loen Vitto and Aurea Lopez. Celso Espejo Interview (December 7, 2013).

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